Sydney University Biomedical Engineering Students showcase their research at the Sydney Spine Institute on Wednesday 14 December 2016. The students are working on clinical problems such as novel ways to monitor brain pressure, regenerative spinal discs and rapid manufacturing of custom built body implants.
Biomedical PhD and Honours students under the supervision of Dr Philip Boughton, biomedical engineering program manager and lecturer at Sydney University, collaborate with neurosurgeon A/Prof. James van Gelder to identify real world clinical problems and solutions. The students’ research involves use of laboratory methods, manufacturing techniques and mathematical modelling. This collaboration allows direct application of biomedical innovations to clinical neurosurgery.
A biomedical engineering team based at the University of Sydney has developed a new low cost method for producing bone replacement implants for severely damaged skulls.
The group worked with a A/Prof. James van Gelder (lead neurosurgeon at Concord & Liverpool Hospital) to create a new 3D printing technique that enables clinicians to produce a patient-specific implant in a matter of days rather than several weeks.
Dr Philip Boughton head Faculty of Engineering’s cutting edge Implant Design and Manufacture laboratory and supervisor of the project says:
“Serious head trauma can lead to significant loss of skull bone. The current procedure requires a surgeon to stretch and stitch excess skin around the wound and wait until a suitable implant can be produced. Our new rapid templating method makes it possible to generate patient-matched, safe, sterile cranioplasty implants using polymer based bone cement within days of receiving a patient scans.”
The rapid templating craniosplasty technique is not only faster but also significantly cheaper than current methods used to match a patient’s anatomy says Annabelle Chan, PhD researcher on the project.
“Cranioplasty implants widely used to reconstruct smashed bone include titanium meshes and 3D printed parts or bone cement moulded by hand. They can cost as much as five thousand dollars.”
“Existing 3D printed implants are weaker; they are also associated with a higher risk for contamination that can lead to infection or inflammation,” states Dr van Gelder.
“I was particularly interested in working with biomedical engineers to create implants for individual patients. Implants that could be customised based on radiology and my specific requirements for the patient. Anatomical matching of patient’s skull bone is important for improving a patient’s quality of life post-operation” says Dr van Gelder.
“With this new technique we are able to create a sterile template of the patients damaged region, then in a sterile environment apply bio-compatible polymer bone cement to that patient’s specific template to produce their personalised implant.”
The pioneering technique has successfully been used on several patients.
A series of innovation projects were presented from senior students from the Department of Biomedical Engineering (University of Sydney) on Wednesday 10 December at the last Sydney Spine Institute Meeting for 2014.